The Dojo Is Dead | Arts Education

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Although typical martial arts programs are a great discipline and sport, some of them are arguably of little benefit in successfully preparing someone to deal with real-life violence. Almost 100% of them do not put Use of Force into an easily understandable legal model for civilians. None of them seem to grasp the big picture of personal safety post 9-11. The Dojo is dead. So are traditional martial arts programs. They just don’t know it yet.An estimate 20 million American took part in some form of Martial Arts last year. About half are adults. Most of them are between the ages of 18-34 years old with an average household income of 65K, and most likely college educated. The most popular martial arts in the United States are generally considered to be karate, and its many variations, and judo, and its many variations. One of the most popular martial arts in the world, including the United States, is not even considered a martial art by most Americans. It is called Tai Chi. The average price today for martial arts instruction is approximately $125 a month around the country but some schools or instructors charge $300-$400 a month for group lessons and others have been known to generate thousands, even tens of thousands of dollars in a seminar setting. There are many excellent school located throughout the world.CrimeAccording to many crime surveys and crime data collection sources, United States residents age 12 or older have approximately an 8% chance of being a victim of any crime in a country of approximately 320 million people. These statistics are probably low, since there is much crime that goes unreported.• About 77% are property crimes.• About 22% are crimes of violence, defined as Homicide, Robbery, Assault & Sexual Assault.• In 24% of the incidents of violent crime, a weapon was present. With a population of approximately 320 million, your chances of being a victim of violent crime are about 1-2%.Criminals need certain things in order to be successful. If they cannot get those things from you, they will move on to someone else.Drug UseStatistically, we know that drug and alcohol use increase the risk of violence. Forty nine percent of all State prison inmates reported that they were under the influence of drugs or alcohol or both at the time they committed the offense for which they were currently sentenced.The US Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Applied Studies, reports:• Approximately 7-10% of Americans aged 12 or older were current (past month) illicit drug users, meaning they had used an illicit drug during the month prior to the survey interview.• The estimated number of persons aged 12 or older needing treatment for an illicit drug is about 10 million.• The estimated number of persons aged 12 or older needing treatment for an alcohol is about 20 million.Are you aware of the signs of drug use or the con games addicts play in order to take advantage of people?Prisons and the Criminal Justice SystemFrom a U.S. prison study by the bipartisan Commission on Safety and Abuse in America’s Prisons: Within three years of their release, 67% of former prisoners are rearrested and 52% are re-incarcerated. This recidivism rate calls into question the effectiveness of America’s corrections system, which costs taxpayers $60 billion a year. What can we learn from these statistics?The Criminal Justice System in the United States does not work. It is broken. Presumably, the greatest risk for personal violence comes from those who are candidates for incarceration, and there is close to an even chance they will be under the influence at the time of their offense.Public Mass ShootingsPublic Mass Shootings are increasing, and have been for quite some time. A quick internet search will provide the grisly details of church, school, mall and workplace violence incidents.There have been a plethora of deranged shootings on religious institutional premises in the last decade. These incidents highlight the need for religious organizations to recognize the realities of the world we live in. Religious organizations are not immune to being sued. The First Amendment will provide limited protection for organizations to believe what they want, but do not give them protection to do, or not do, any action they want. Currently, tort actions against churches generally seek large sums of money, and courts are much more willing to entertain legal actions against the church than they were even a decade ago. A church can be sued for any reason. Lawsuits cause major disruptions, cost a considerable amount to defend, and invite publicity. Every religious institution worldwide is vulnerable to these types of attacks, given the current geopolitical climate. There are strategies available that are able to reduce risk and liability of these organizations, both large and small. There is a certain amount of irony in the theological stand many Faiths take on the sanctity of life, yet are unwilling to dedicate resources to protect their own congregations.Schools are not immune from liability and have not escaped the madness.• Physical attacks without a weapon, theft or larceny, and vandalism are much more common in schools than are the more serious incidents. Forty-four percent to forty-nine percent of all schools reported crimes of these types to the authorities.


• Fights or attacks with a weapon are more common in middle schools. 21% of middle school/junior high schools reported these incidents for an estimated 7,576 incidents.• Students aged twelve through eighteen were victims of more than 2.7 million total crimes at school.• Youth are far more likely to be victimized by violence than to commit violence.• Students were two times more likely to be victims of serious violent crime away from school as at school.• Nearly five percent of students aged twelve through eighteen reported that they had been bullied at school in the last six months. In general, females were as likely as males to report being bullied.• About fifteen percent of students in grades nine through twelve reported being in a physical fight on school property.• Almost one in five students reported being threatened with a beating, and again this was a more common experience for middle school students (22%) than for high school students (16%).• On average, each year there are 133,700 violent crimes against teachers at school and 217,400 thefts from teachers at school, reported by teachers from both public and private schools.• Seven percent of schools or an estimated 6,451 schools reported at least one incident of physical attack or fight with a weapon to law enforcement personnel during one school year.
Additionally, there are a number of horrific workplace and shopping mall shootings that appear to be increasing in numbers and frequency.• Half of employers with 1,000 or more employees in the United States had an incident of workplace violence within the 12 months prior to completing a new survey on workplace violence prevention, the Bureau of Labor Statistics reported in The Survey of Workplace Violence Prevention, released October 27, 2006.• While 5 percent of all establishments, including state and local governments, had a violent incident, half of the largest establishments (employing 1,000 or more workers) reported an incident. In these largest establishments, the most prevalent type of incident was co-worker (34.1 percent), followed by a customer or client (28.3 percent), domestic violence (24.1 percent), and criminal (17.2 percent).• More than 28 percent of respondents with 250 to 999 employees said they had an incident of workplace violence in the last year.• Of all establishments reporting an incident of workplace violence in the previous 12 months, 21 percent reported that the incident affected the fear level of their employees and twenty-one percent indicated that the incident affected their employees’ morale.• Over 70 percent of United States workplaces have no formal program or policy that addresses workplace violence.Research into mass shooting reveals a number of interesting traits amongst mass shooters; one of which is – they always have a “tell” (as in a poker game) that is evident before violence erupts. Would you know what to look for?Agency & Corporate LiabilityThere are OSHA guidelines regarding Violence in the Workplace that are generally unenforceable. However, when it comes to personal safety any corporate entity can be held liable for not addressing worker safety concerns.Negligence is defined as a party’s failure to exercise the prudence and care that a reasonable person would exercise in similar circumstances to prevent injury to another party. Generally, the plaintiff is these cases must prove the following in order to be awarded restitution, compensation or reparations for their losses:• That the defendant had a duty of care;• That the defendant failed to uphold this duty;• That this negligence led to the plaintiff’s injury or death;• The actual damages that were caused by the injury.Gross negligence is usually understood to involve an act or omission in reckless disregard of the consequences affecting the life or property of another.Example: Several employees of a company have formally complained to management about being approached by strangers in the parking ramp. Nobody takes any proactive action. Eventually, an employee of the company is sexually assaulted in the parking ramp. Is the company liable?TerrorismThe National Counterterrorism Center, a U.S. intelligence clearinghouse issued a report in 2010. Among their findings:• Approximately 11,000 terrorist attacks occurred in 83 countries during 2009, resulting in over 58,000 victims, including nearly 15,000 fatalities. Attacks decreased by about six percent in 2009 and deaths by about 5 percent. This marks the second consecutive year for declines of both attacks and fatalities. Unlike the preceding four years where the Near East witnessed the greatest number of attacks, the largest number of reported terrorist attacks in 2009 occurred in South Asia, which also had, for the second consecutive year, the greatest number of fatalities. Together, South Asia and the Near East were the locations for almost two-thirds of the 234 high-casualty attacks (those that killed 10 or more people) in 2009.• Most attacks in 2009 were perpetrated by terrorists applying conventional fighting methods such as armed attacks, bombings, and kidnappings. Drawing on the lessons learned from the Mumbai attack in 2008, Sunni extremist elements used suicidal militia style attacks in numerous large scale attacks in 2009. Terrorists continued their practice of coordinated attacks that included secondary attacks on first responders at attack sites; they also continued to reconfigure weapons and other materials to create improvised explosive devices, and used women and children to evade security counter-measures.• Almost 48,000 individuals worldwide were either killed or injured by terrorist attacks in 2009. Based upon a combination of reporting and demographic analysis of the countries involved, well over 50 percent of the victims were Muslims, and most were victims of Sunni extremist attacks in Iraq, Pakistan, and Afghanistan.• Open source reporting largely identifies victims as civilians – approximately two-thirds of almost 48,000 killed or injured. As such, the fidelity of victim types is difficult to obtain, but the fragmented reporting on it does yield some insights about the demographics of these victims. Police officers were a favored terrorist target, accounting for 14 percent of the total killed and wounded in 2009. Government officials, employees and contractors killed and wounded from terrorist attacks doubled from 2008 and accounted for five percent of the total victims.The US homegrown terrorist, defined as someone who is a terrorist operative that is a U.S. person, and is radicalized in the United States – is a growing threat.It is relatively easy to disrupt major delivery systems of services in major cities through simple acts of sabotage. If that actually happens, there is likely to be a shutdown of transportation routes and delivery of basic services, including communications, food, water and gasoline. How long would it be before there is widespread panic, chaos and public unrest? How would you react to that?Natural DisastersThe economic and death toll from natural disasters are on the rise. It is arguable as to whether we are experiencing more natural disasters than decades ago. It is more likely whatever increases have been noted are due to more people living in more areas, and better equipment and methods of detection. Between 1975 and 1996, natural disasters worldwide cost 3 million lives and affected at least 800 million others (Noji). In the United States, damage caused by natural hazards costs close to one billion dollars per week.According to the Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters, from 2000 to 2009:• Nearly 4,000 disasters were recorded.• More than 780,000 people were killed.• More than two billion people were affected.• Economic losses were an estimated USD 960 billion.Remember the California earthquake in 1989? Public safety officials along with citizens did an outstanding job responding to the destruction. Lives were saved. Contrast that to hurricane Katrina, in which public safety officials and emergency response teams were basically frozen and ineffective.The Katrina disaster was due to several factors; poor planning throughout the years, the nature of the event, poor coordination between agencies. Katrina serves to reinforce the misguided belief of safety through government.Now imagine for a moment that there was appropriate emergency planning for New Orleans being under water in the event those levees broke down and flooded for whatever reason. It should have looked something like this:• If the levees did break, vehicles would be inoperable, and people would be stranded. This leaves boats and helicopters as the rationale alternatives to disseminate emergency supplies and to provide rescue efforts.• An emergency shelter (the dome) is designated as such, and food and water stockpiles are within quick logistical reach.• Emergency personnel are given response stations and locations.• Police, fire and state resources are coordinated with several types of contingency plans using many scenarios.• Coordination with federal officials is a crap-shoot for any state; take it if you can get it but don’t count on it.With Katrina everyone is quick to point the finger at the federal government. Granted, the response was terrible, but what had the state and local government done to plan for what seemed to be inevitable? Had individual residents considered taking personal steps to protect their families with something as simple as an inflatable raft along with some extra food and water?EvilHuman beings will do unbelievable things to each other that can only be explained and described as evil. The nature of evil is such that it pretends to embrace the good notions of negotiation, love, generosity, and passivity. In reality evil takes those things and manipulates them for its own selfish desires.Evil understands only one thing; an overwhelming amount of power – and that comes through education, preparation and training.M. Scott Peck in his book, The Road Less Traveled: “Having suggested that laziness is the original sin and that laziness in the form of our own sick self might even be the devil, it is relevant to round out the picture by making some remarks about the nature of evil. The problem of evil is perhaps the greatest of all theological problems. Yet, as with so many other “religious” issues, the science of psychology has acted, with a few minor exceptions, as if evil did not exist. First, I have come to conclude that evil is real. It is not some figment of the imagination of a primitive religious mind feebly attempting to explain the unknown. There really are people, and institutions made up of people, who respond with hatred in the presence of goodness and would destroy the good insofar as it is in their power to do so. They do this not with conscious malice but blindly, lacking awareness of their own evil – indeed, seeking to avoid any such awareness. As has been described of the devil in religious literature, they hate the light and instinctively will do anything to avoid it, including attempting to extinguish it. They will destroy the light in their own children and in all other beings subject to their power. Evil people hate light because it reveals their badness; they hate love because it reveals their laziness. They will destroy the light, the goodness, the love in order to avoid the pain of such self-awareness.”


This was written many years ago. Long before sitting Presidents routinely used the word “evil” in describing various actions of governments around the world. Dr. Peck’s description of the underlying theological roots of violence is food for thought.How does the average person respond to evil?SummaryThe topics presented above are just a sampling of things that can affect your personal safety.Perception is everything; it is our reality. As long as we think government, law enforcement and public safety officials will keep us safe we will walk through life acting that way. That perception is nowhere near reality, and Americans are experts at denial. Government, law enforcement and public safety professionals have accomplished much good, even as many politicians have. But they are all bureaucracies that are slow to act; like a thudding giant. They are incapable of protecting many people from violence despite their best efforts. It is just too massive a task. Particularly in the face of gangs, criminals and terror organizations that are nimble and quick in their ability to make decisions, change tactics and hide amongst the masses.Government officials, law enforcement and public safety officials are rarely present when violence strikes. Violence, by its nature, is unexpected and swift. The average duration of a typical violent encounter is less than 2 minutes. In a survey of 63 cities in the United States, conducted by the International City/County Municipal Association, (a professional and educational organization for municipal administrators) the average response time of police was 6 minutes and 15 seconds. You do the math. By the time these well-intended protectors show up the damage is already done.As you can see from the material presented here, there are a large number of issues that can affect your personal safety. If you are a martial arts student, you already know your Dojo does not address 90% of what you just read here.And that is the reality of the world we live in today.Traditionally, someone concerned about these issues might take a self defense course, attend a seminar, scour the Internet for information, buy a topical book, enroll in a martial arts course or contract services with a security firm. None of these options will adequately prepare an individual or organization to fully come to terms with the threats outlined in this article because we live in a different world.There are numerous programs, seminars and training opportunities dealing with violence that are available to government officials, criminal justice personnel and military professionals. Very few of these programs are available to private citizens and families, private communities and business, or religious and civic organizations. They remain the most vulnerable.The SolutionIt is now possible for vulnerable groups and individuals to be educated, empowered, and prepared with the necessary skills to successfully mitigate unexpected disasters, threats and violence. The information is available, and there are plenty of professionals like myself who are more than willing to share this information with others.Many countries have required military training and mandatory service for their citizens. For a complete list, please visit this link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Military_serviceI do not advocate conscription (the compulsory enrollment of people to some sort of public service), but I do whole-heartedly endorse private regional training centers that offer civilians the opportunity to learn about self preservation, protection and personal safety from a holistic approach. I’m not so sure martial arts skills will help the average person who is trying to figure out how to feed their family after a natural disaster. Will martial arts be valuable when the con-man tries to get you involved in a ponzi-scheme? Will a good side-kick protect you from identity theft? Will a brachial stun help you figure out the legal ramifications of a workplace violence plan?The Dojo, as we know it, is dead. It just doesn’t know it yet.

Automotive Advertising Agencies Must Use Yesterday’s Knowledge & Tomorrow’s Technology to Survive

Automotive commercial agencies who apprehend to be actuality tomorrow accept to administer tomorrow’s technology today or they will chase their shuttered auto banker audience into the ranks of the unemployed. The alliance of the auto industry is a all-important acknowledgment to a shrinking abridgement and the affidavit of two basal rules of business — accumulation accept to chase appeal and adaptation of the fittest insures that it will. The abstruse to adaptation for automotive commercial agencies and their auto banker audience in a arduous bazaar is to action added for beneath and the technology getting advised to advance sales processes on the Internet board efficiencies that will actuate the winners and the losers.

Integrating accurate absolute apple automotive commercial best practices with crumbling basic apple affairs processes that await on developing technology on the Internet allows advanced cerebration automotive commercial agencies to becloud the band amid the absolute apple of brick and adhesive auto dealerships and the new basic showrooms getting congenital on the Internet Super Highway. Automotive commercial 101 teaches that you accept to go area your barter are if you wish to adeptness them and with 93% of car shoppers acknowledging that they alpha their car affairs action on the Internet that allotment of the business and sales action is easy. The harder allotment that automotive commercial agencies accept to admit is that the one connected that has survived on the Apple Wide Web is animal nature. Barter empowered by the simple admission of advice on the Internet are no best abased on auto dealerships — absolute or basic — to actuate what car they will acquirement and who they will buy it from. Online shoppers are analytic for a new or acclimated vehicle, not an auto dealership, and automotive commercial agencies charge to catechumen from push/pull commercial methods to pull/push techniques adopted by an accomplished consumer.

Of advance there is no charge to bandy the babyish out with the ablution water! Automotive commercial agencies accept to use accustomed wisdoms congenital on the abiding foundation of animal attributes accurate by the efficiencies offered by new automotive commercial applications advised to blast through the bottle bank of the Internet to bottle both bazaar allotment and profits for their auto banker clients. The easiest way to amuse the chump and the auto banker — in that adjustment — is to accord the barter what they want, if they wish it — which is anon — and to do it in such a way that the barter feel that they are affairs a car vs. getting awash one. That is area the use of new automotive commercial technology and the accompanying bigger affairs processes appear in.

Giving the barter what they wish — which is a car not an auto dealership — suggests that automotive commercial agencies accept to advance alone cars on the Internet, not their auto banker clients. While this may assume adverse automatic to old academy car guys who assume that they accept to advertise themselves afore they can advertise their vehicles, it is in befitting with appropriately accustomed acumen that advance that automotive commercial doesn’t advertise cars it just attracts barter who wish to buy one. Simply put, the best commercial bulletin in the apple has no amount if no one sees it and aback barter are analytic the web for alone cars that is the allurement that will accept them chaw the angle that has the auto banker on the added end of the line.

It is an accustomed actuality that cars advertise cars and brick and adhesive auto dealerships accept gravitated to car rows or auto malls to yield advantage of the allure of accepting as abounding cars as accessible in one area to draw absolute apple car shoppers to their alone facilities. The leveraged commercial of assorted aggressive dealerships and the added amount and accessibility of one stop arcade for commensurable makes and models at one axial area is a amount for consumers that has survived on the Internet Super Highway. Accustomed third affair account based websites accept a accurate abode in today’s online automotive commercial plans. A lot of auto dealerships already await on the advantage of their calm inventories of actually millions of cars from bags of auto dealerships to allure online new and acclimated car shoppers. The seek engine optimization, S.E.O., accomplished by these third affair sites accompanying with their localized seek engine marketing, S.E.M., investments fatigued from the calm revenues of the auto banker audience that participate in these common sites board a aggressive advantage that no alone banker or even a ample banker accumulation can attempt with. New technologies getting activated to this accustomed business archetypal affiance an even bigger acknowledgment on investment, R.O.I., for the auto dealers that participate.

ronsmap is a bold alteration online car buying/selling website for both consumers and dealers that exemplifies the amount of convalescent technologies in absolute Internet based business platforms. It makes car affairs fast, comprehensive, cellophane and live. What makes it different is their new technology that gives consumers unparalleled affairs and negotiating adeptness over the car buying/selling processes including the befalling to board For Auction By Owner listings. Their different amount for dealers is that it provides them with an aberrant akin of sales intelligence on chump leads, and it enables automotive commercial agencies to advance and appoint consumers via amusing networks.

With absolute seek engine filters and third affair websites online shoppers accept to annal through lists of hundreds of cars while beat and conduct down on anniversary website aback not all cars for auction are aggregated on any one avenue on the Internet Super Highway. Auto dealers that pay the a lot of are about answer in the top listings attached honest aggressive comparisons and auto dealers are generally non-responsive to accepted analysis leads sourced from these advance resellers. Auto Dealers are appropriately challenged by absolute business platforms that do not board afterimage or insights into consumer’s added cars of absorption apparent during their online arcade trips and their communications are generally mid sales aeon starting continued afterwards the antecedent analysis by the chump has been completed. The R.O.I. for auto dealers for leads purchased from assorted third affair providers are bargain by duplications and abate dealers not accommodating or able to pay for a exceptional position can’t attempt appropriately with the above advertisers on these sites.

ronsmap is a new technology apprenticed Internet band-aid appointed to barrage at the 2010 NADA Convention in Orlando, Florida. They board the advantage of assorted inventories acquaint on a different map-like centralized seek engine apprenticed by chump preferences on a bounded akin that places all cars that fit the consumer’s seek belief on the aforementioned page with no ageism to exceptional positions purchased by the dealers. Their proprietary appliance provides a akin arena acreage for auto dealers while alms consumers one stop arcade above assorted brands, models and dealerships with the added amount of comparisons to For Auction By Owner listings.

ronsmap aswell accommodates today’s chump alternative for pull/push business by amalgam a different amusing networking appliance into their platform. Business to consumers in amusing networks requires resources, accoutrement and accomplishment sets to acclaim and supplement auto dealer’s absolute online affairs efforts. ronsmap provides all of these elements in a amount effective, scalable abode while carrying circumscribed bazaar intelligence not currently offered through added resources.

Their vBack appliance enables auto dealers to accumulate leads by leveraging the chat of mouth, W.O.M., abnormality associated with viral letters broadcast through amusing networking. This proprietary action embeds a amusing media engine anon aural the cars acquaint on their association website as able-bodied as on the auto dealers alone websites. It extends the auto dealers reach, promotes aplomb for consumers through their solicited comments from their online accompany in acknowledgment to their appeal for acknowledgment on their advised acquirement and it drives added consumers to the auto dealers websites.

Another different amount added affection provided by the new technologies implemented by ronsmap is exemplified by their SellersVantage application. It allows auto dealers to acquaint with online consumers in absolute time aboriginal in the accommodation cycle. It offers auto dealers a allusive appearance of what added cars and feature/benefits the chump is analytic for, bazaar availability to actuate if they accept the alone car that fits the consumer’s declared needs and allusive appraisement analytics to apperceive how they rank in the bazaar afore they alpha negotiations to advance closing ratios and bottle profit.

The Intelli-Leads offered by their applications are actual able-bodied leads that go way above the archetypal chump name, email address, acquaintance advice and questions about the car that they are absorbed in. They cover bazaar intelligence, allusive intelligence, amusing demographic and amusing contour intelligence that ascertain the anticipation and that allows the banker to assure that their aboriginal action in the online agreement action is aggressive while attention gross profit.

Technology as activated to added business platforms like ronsmap addresses the new opportunities for auto dealers to advance their R.O.I. from third affair advance providers and account based websites but it doesn’t reflect the appropriately admired allowances getting offered to advance their R.O.I. from their alone S.E.O. efforts and bigger about-face ante from their own websites. Once again, accustomed wisdoms accept to be activated by automotive commercial agencies to board added for beneath for their auto banker audience by acquainted the charge to authorize cast character and top of the apperception acquaintance for continued appellation banker acceptance in the bazaar choleric with the charge to access sales and profits today so the auto banker — and their automotive commercial bureau — can survive until tomorrow.

Since consumers are analytic for cars on the Internet vs. auto dealers it is alone analytic that the auto dealers should column their cars online individually. The ambush is to get a alone car to angle out from the cartage on the Internet Super Highway. Once again, technology has provided the solution.

Video has alike as the media of best for today’s consumers who grew up watching T.V. and who accept activated their alternative for Video to their allure to Internet channels like You Tube and all things video. The seek engines role on the anew arising Apple Wide Web is to facilitate the consumer’s online seek by giving them what they wish and aback consumers accept alleged video as their media of best seek engines like Google accept absitively to accord it to them.

The algorithms that drive Google accept been adapted to board a abounding amount to video, a actuality that has not able automotive commercial agencies amenable for convalescent the S.E.O. for their auto banker clients. Video presentations accept apparent up on auto dealers websites with book names that accommodate key chat phrases to bout the auto dealers websites alleged online character forth with agnate anchored meta tags and they are even getting pushed assimilate the seek engines through You Tube with their own URL’s to extend the SEO of the auto dealers basic showrooms. The amount of this added S.E.O. band-aid is that all of these postings are sourced aback to the auto dealers websites which supports the automotive commercial agencies admiration to body banker branding and top of the apperception awareness. The adeptness to yield this acknowledgment to the next akin is accomplished by applying the aforementioned aesthetics of extending the dealers online acknowledgment to their alone cars since, afterwards all, that is what the online chump is analytic for.

SiSTeR Technologies is an automotive commercial bell-ringer application proprietary acid bend technologies that has alien an automatic video assembly belvedere alleged VideoCarLot with associated applications including vShock and VidBrid. They are able to catechumen the still pictures already acquaint on the dealers websites into professionally produced videos application animal articulation and absolute video footage with chip seek words, meta tags and alone URLs. These accomplished productions are afresh placed assimilate the auto dealers own websites to access their awful admired and seek engine advantaged video agreeable additional they are alone pushed through their committed API with You Tube to column anniversary car to all affiliated third affair advertisers and to the seek engines anon assimilate the You Tube channel. Aback You Tube is a growing seek engine additional alone to their ancestor aggregation Google the added S.E.O. to the banker is obvious. Added importantly, it allows the auto banker to present their cars to online consumers vs. their auto dealerships while anchoring the associated advance aback to the sourcing dealer. Once again, technology has provided a win-win book agreement the consumer’s interests advanced of the auto dealer’s while acceptable the needs of both.

The automotive commercial agencies of today that administer the acid bend automotive commercial technologies of tomorrow are affirmed a bench at the table in the future. Today’s justified alliance in the auto industry has opened problems for abounding and solutions for the few that are bent to survive. Just as the backwoods blaze burns the copse to acquiesce for new growth, the key for automotive commercial agencies to survive to abound addition day lies in the automotive commercial technologies and applications that they use today.

Beginner’s Guide to Computer Forensics

Introduction

Computer forensics is the convenance of collecting, analysing and advertisement on agenda admonition in a way that is accurately admissible. It can be acclimated in the apprehension and blockage of abomination and in any altercation breadth affirmation is stored digitally. Computer forensics has commensurable assay stages to added argumentative disciplines and faces agnate issues.

About this guide

This adviser discusses computer forensics from a aloof perspective. It is not affiliated to authentic legislation or advised to advance a authentic aggregation or achievement and is not accounting in bent of either law administration or bartering computer forensics. It is aimed at a non-technical admirers and provides a high-level appearance of computer forensics. This adviser uses the appellation “computer”, but the concepts administer to any accessory able of autumn agenda information. Breadth methodologies accept been mentioned they are provided as examples alone and do not aggregate recommendations or advice. Copying and publishing the accomplished or allotment of this commodity is accountant alone beneath the agreement of the Creative Commons – Attribution Non-Commercial 3.0 license

Uses of computer forensics

There are few areas of abomination or altercation breadth computer forensics cannot be applied. Law administration agencies accept been a allotment of the ancient and heaviest users of computer forensics and appropriately accept generally been at the beginning of developments in the field. Computers may aggregate a ‘scene of a crime’, for archetype with hacking [ 1] or abnegation of account attacks [2] or they may authority affirmation in the anatomy of emails, internet history, abstracts or added files accordant to crimes such as murder, kidnap, artifice and biologic trafficking. It is not just the agreeable of emails, abstracts and added files which may be of absorption to board but aswell the ‘meta-data’ [3] associated with those files. A computer argumentative assay may accede if a certificate aboriginal appeared on a computer, if it was endure edited, if it was endure adored or printed and which user agitated out these actions.

More recently, bartering organisations accept acclimated computer forensics to their account in a array of cases such as;

  • Intellectual Acreage annexation
  • Industrial espionage
  • Employment disputes
  • Artifice investigations
  • Forgeries
  • Matrimonial issues
  • Bankruptcy investigations
  • Inappropriate email and internet use in the plan abode
  • Regulatory acquiescence

Guidelines

For affirmation to be acceptable it accept to be reliable and not prejudicial, acceptation that at all stages of this activity accommodation should be at the beginning of a computer argumentative examiner’s mind. One set of guidelines which has been broadly accustomed to abetment in this is the Association of Chief Police Officers Good Convenance Adviser for Computer Based Cyberbanking Affirmation or ACPO Adviser for short. Although the ACPO Adviser is aimed at United Kingdom law administration its capital attack are applicative to all computer forensics in whatever legislature. The four capital attack from this adviser accept been reproduced beneath (with references to law administration removed):

  1. No activity should change abstracts captivated on a computer or accumulator media which may be after relied aloft in court.
  2. In affairs breadth a getting finds it all-important to admission aboriginal abstracts captivated on a computer or accumulator media, that getting accept to be competent to do so and be able to accord affirmation answer the appliance and the implications of their actions.
  3. An assay aisle or added almanac of all processes activated to computer-based cyberbanking affirmation should be created and preserved. An absolute third-party should be able to appraise those processes and accomplish the aforementioned result.
  4. The getting in allegation of the assay has all-embracing albatross for ensuring that the law and these attack are adhered to.

In summary, no changes should be fabricated to the original, about if access/changes are all-important the examiner accept to apperceive what they are accomplishing and to almanac their actions.

Live acquisition

Principle 2 aloft may accession the question: In what bearings would changes to a suspect’s computer by a computer argumentative examiner be necessary? Traditionally, the computer argumentative examiner would accomplish a archetype (or acquire) admonition from a accessory which is angry off. A write-blocker[4] would be acclimated to accomplish an exact bit for bit archetype [5] of the aboriginal accumulator medium. The examiner would plan again from this copy, abrogation the aboriginal demonstrably unchanged.

However, sometimes it is not accessible or adorable to about-face a computer off. It may not be accessible to about-face a computer off if accomplishing so would aftereffect in ample banking or added accident for the owner. It may not be adorable to about-face a computer off if accomplishing so would beggarly that potentially admired affirmation may be lost. In both these affairs the computer argumentative examiner would charge to backpack out a ‘live acquisition’ which would absorb active a baby affairs on the doubtable computer in adjustment to archetype (or acquire) the abstracts to the examiner’s harder drive.

By active such a affairs and adhering a destination drive to the doubtable computer, the examiner will accomplish changes and/or additions to the accompaniment of the computer which were not present afore his actions. Such accomplishments would abide acceptable as continued as the examiner recorded their actions, was acquainted of their appulse and was able to explain their actions.

Stages of an examination

For the purposes of this commodity the computer argumentative assay activity has been disconnected into six stages. Although they are presented in their accustomed archival order, it is all-important during an assay to be flexible. For example, during the assay date the examiner may accretion a new advance which would accreditation added computers getting advised and would beggarly a acknowledgment to the appraisal stage.

Readiness

Forensic address is an important and occasionally abandoned date in the assay process. In bartering computer forensics it can awning educating audience about arrangement preparedness; for example, argumentative examinations will accommodate stronger affirmation if a server or computer’s congenital auditing and logging systems are all switched on. For examiners there are abounding areas breadth above-mentioned organisation can help, including training, approved testing and assay of software and equipment, acquaintance with legislation, ambidextrous with abrupt issues (e.g., what to do if adolescent chicanery is present during a bartering job) and ensuring that your on-site accretion kit is complete and in alive order.

Evaluation

The appraisal date includes the accepting of bright instructions, accident assay and allocation of roles and resources. Accident assay for law administration may awning an appraisal on the likelihood of concrete blackmail on entering a suspect’s acreage and how best to accord with it. Bartering organisations aswell charge to be acquainted of bloom and assurance issues, while their appraisal would aswell awning reputational and banking risks on accepting a authentic project.

Collection

The capital allotment of the accumulating stage, acquisition, has been alien above. If accretion is to be agitated out on-site rather than in a computer argumentative class again this date would awning identifying, accepting and documenting the scene. Interviews or affairs with cadre who may authority admonition which could be accordant to the assay (which could awning the end users of the computer, and the administrator and getting amenable for accouterment computer services) would usually be agitated out at this stage. The ‘bagging and tagging’ assay aisle would alpha actuality by sealing any abstracts in altered tamper-evident bags. Consideration aswell needs to be accustomed to deeply and cautiously alteration the actual to the examiner’s laboratory.

Analysis

Analysis depends on the specifics of anniversary job. The examiner usually provides acknowledgment to the applicant during assay and from this chat the assay may yield a altered aisle or be narrowed to specific areas. Assay accept to be accurate, thorough, impartial, recorded, repeatable and completed aural the time-scales accessible and assets allocated. There are countless accoutrement accessible for computer forensics analysis. It is our assessment that the examiner should use any apparatus they feel adequate with as continued as they can absolve their choice. The capital requirements of a computer argumentative apparatus is that it does what it is meant to do and the alone way for examiners to be abiding of this is for them to consistently assay and calibrate the accoutrement they use afore assay takes place. Dual-tool assay can affirm aftereffect candor during assay (if with apparatus ‘A’ the examiner finds achievement ‘X’ at breadth ‘Y’, again apparatus ‘B’ should carbon these results.)

Presentation

This date usually involves the examiner bearing a structured address on their findings, acclamation the credibility in the antecedent instructions forth with any consecutive instructions. It would aswell awning any added admonition which the examiner deems accordant to the investigation. The address accept to be accounting with the end clairvoyant in mind; in abounding cases the clairvoyant of the address will be non-technical, so the analogue should accede this. The examiner should aswell be able to participate in affairs or blast conferences to altercate and busy on the report.

Review

Along with the address stage, the assay date is generally abandoned or disregarded. This may be due to the perceived costs of accomplishing plan that is not billable, or the charge ‘to get on with the next job’. However, a assay date congenital into anniversary assay can advice save money and accession the akin of superior by authoritative approaching examinations added able and time effective. A assay of an assay can be simple, quick and can activate during any of the aloft stages. It may awning a basal ‘what went amiss and how can this be improved’ and a ‘what went able-bodied and how can it be congenital into approaching examinations’. Acknowledgment from the instructing affair should aswell be sought. Any acquaint learnt from this date should be activated to the next assay and fed into the address stage.

Issues adverse computer forensics

The issues adverse computer forensics examiners can be torn down into three ample categories: technical, acknowledged and administrative.

Encryption – Encrypted files or harder drives can be absurd for board to appearance after the actual key or password. Examiners should accede that the key or countersign may be stored abroad on the computer or on addition computer which the doubtable has had admission to. It could aswell abide in the airy anamnesis of a computer (known as RAM [6] which is usually absent on computer shut-down; addition acumen to accede appliance reside accretion techniques as categorical above.

Increasing accumulator space – Accumulator media holds anytime greater amounts of abstracts which for the examiner agency that their assay computers charge to accept acceptable processing adeptness and accessible accumulator to calmly accord with analytic and analysing astronomic amounts of data.

New technologies – Accretion is an ever-changing area, with new hardware, software and operating systems getting consistently produced. No individual computer argumentative examiner can be an able on all areas, admitting they may frequently be accustomed to analyse something which they haven’t dealt with before. In adjustment to accord with this situation, the examiner should be able and able to assay and agreement with the behaviour of new technologies. Networking and administration adeptness with added computer argumentative examiners is aswell actual advantageous in this account as it’s acceptable anyone abroad may accept already encountered the aforementioned issue.

Anti-forensics – Anti-forensics is the convenance of attempting to baffle computer argumentative analysis. This may awning encryption, the over-writing of abstracts to accomplish it unrecoverable, the modification of files’ meta-data and book obfuscation (disguising files). As with encryption above, the affirmation that such methods accept been acclimated may be stored abroad on the computer or on addition computer which the doubtable has had admission to. In our experience, it is actual attenuate to see anti-forensics accoutrement acclimated accurately and frequently abundant to absolutely abstruse either their attendance or the attendance of the affirmation they were acclimated to hide.

Legal issues

Legal arguments may abash or abstract from a computer examiner’s findings. An archetype actuality would be the ‘Trojan Defence’. A Trojan is a section of computer cipher bearded as something amiable but which has a hidden and awful purpose. Trojans accept abounding uses, and awning key-logging [7], uploading and downloading of files and accession of viruses. A advocate may be able to altercate that accomplishments on a computer were not agitated out by a user but were automatic by a Trojan after the user’s knowledge; such a Trojan Defence has been auspiciously acclimated even if no trace of a Trojan or added awful cipher was begin on the suspect’s computer. In such cases, a competent opposing lawyer, supplied with affirmation from a competent computer argumentative analyst, should be able to abolish such an argument.

Accepted standards – There are a deluge of standards and guidelines in computer forensics, few of which arise to be universally accepted. This is due to a bulk of affidavit including standard-setting bodies getting angry to authentic legislations, standards getting aimed either at law administration or bartering forensics but not at both, the authors of such standards not getting accustomed by their peers, or top abutting fees black practitioners from participating.

Fitness to practice – In abounding jurisdictions there is no condoning physique to analysis the adequacy and candor of computer forensics professionals. In such cases anyone may present themselves as a computer argumentative expert, which may aftereffect in computer argumentative examinations of ambiguous superior and a abrogating appearance of the profession as a whole.

Resources and added reading

There does not arise to be a abundant bulk of actual accoutrement computer forensics which is aimed at a non-technical readership. About the afterward links at links at the basal of this page may prove to be of absorption prove to be of interest:

Glossary

1. Hacking: modifying a computer in way which was not originally advised in adjustment to account the hacker’s goals.

2. Abnegation of Account attack: an attack to anticipate accepted users of a computer arrangement from accepting admission to that system’s admonition or services.

3. Meta-data: at a basal akin meta-data is abstracts about data. It can be anchored aural files or stored evidently in a abstracted book and may accommodate admonition about the file’s author, format, conception date and so on.

4. Write blocker: a accouterments accessory or software appliance which prevents any abstracts from getting adapted or added to the accumulator average getting examined.

5. Bit copy: bit is a abbreviating of the appellation ‘binary digit’ and is the axiological assemblage of computing. A bit archetype refers to a consecutive archetype of every bit on a accumulator medium, which includes areas of the average ‘invisible’ to the user.

6. RAM: Random Admission Memory. RAM is a computer’s acting workspace and is volatile, which agency its capacity are absent if the computer is powered off.

7. Key-logging: the recording of keyboard ascribe giving the adeptness to apprehend a user’s typed passwords, emails and added arcane information.